Points based immigration system

Foreign citizens who need to enter the UK for study, work and/or investment purposes are subject to immigration control and hence, they need to apply for a UK visa.

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Five-tier Points Based System for granting visa and individuals must choose the respective tier that is most appropriate for the type of visa that they require.

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What is UK’s Points Based Immigration System ?

The Points Based Immigration System is a way for people coming to the UK for work must meet a specific set of requirements for which they will score points. Visas are then awarded to those who gain enough points. there are 5 tiers each of which represents categories of visas of various types (mostly dealing with visa applications for visiting, investment, study and work).
In a nut shell, it can be understood that Tier 1 visa is for high-profile migrants; Tier-2 deals with visas of skilled workers; Tier 3 is for allowing unskilled workers entry to the UK on short-term basis; Tier 4 is for students; and Tier 5 is dedicated for youth mobility and temporary skilled workers.

Who is Eligible for Applying under Points Based Immigration System ?

As noted above, under this system, the UK Border Agency and Immigration department has separated applicants into five tiers or categories.

To become eligible for visa in any of the five categories it is important to pass a points based assessment criteria. This means, applicants must possess points that meet the minimum points required for submitting an application. The minimum points’ requirement is determined according to the Tier under which you aim to apply.

Usually, minimum points required for work visa applications are granted according to the age, experience and skill level of the applicant.

However, there are salient requirement that remain universal and are applicable on all Tiers of Points Based Immigration System . These eligibility requirements are as follows:

English Language Requirement: Applicant must be able to speak fluently in English
Maintenance Requirement: Applicant should be able to support himself/herself financially and must not seek support from the government
Qualification: Applicant has to meet certain qualifications in order to apply for visa to get hired at a particular job, enroll in a course and/or training program
Previous Experience in the UK: If an applicant has studied or worked in the UK then he/she will receive additional points
Avail Exceptional Guidance from our Immigration Solicitors in Central London:

Harding Mitchell is a reliable legal advisory, consultation and case representation facilitating firm willing to offer guidance in all sorts of legal issues/disputes. Our qualified immigration solicitors in Central London can provide credible help in applying for visas under the unique point based system of the UK.

Please note that UK’s point-based five tier system is the key route that is to be followed by individuals/enterprises from outside the European Economic Area (EEA). This system allows aspiring individuals to gain legal entry permit to the UK for a variety of purposes from investment, training, employment or study.

Understanding the Five Tiers of Points Based Immigration System :

Who is a worker?

A Worker is a person who is coming to the UK for employment-related reasons. The new Workers rules include Start –Up, Innovator, and Global Talent.


This category is for people seeking to establish a business in the UK for the first time. To qualify, Applicants will have an innovative, viable and scalable business idea which is supported by an endorsing body. If successful, Applicants will be granted leave for 2 years and does not lead directly to settlement in the UK. Applicants may however, progress into the Innovator category which can lead to settlement in the UK.


This category is for more experienced businesspeople seeking to establish a business in the UK. Applicants will have an innovative, viable and scalable business idea which is supported by an endorsing body. With some exceptions, applicants will have funding to invest in their business. This category may lead to settlement in the UK.

 Global Talent

 This category was introduced in February 2020. To qualify an applicant must be a talented and promising individual in one of the fields of science, engineering, medicine, humanities, digital technology and arts and culture (including film and television, fashion design and architecture) wishing to work in the UK. Applicants will be leaders in their field, or have the potential to be leaders, as determined by an endorsing body. This category may lead to settlement in the UK.

– Tier 2 Sponsored Skilled Workers (work permit)

– Tier 4 Students

– Tier 5 Temporary work visa :

Tier 5 Temporary work visa allows certain categories of people to come for work purposes. This category of visa provides working rights to creative and sports persons, researchers, charity, and religious workers. For more information, please contact us on 0203 191 8080.

Sponsor Licences

Sponsor Licences (Tier 2/Tier 5) are required to employ overseas workers to work in the UK. They are usually valid for four years after which the licence will need to be renewed. Sponsors have various responsibilities/duties to act in accordance with the Immigration Rules. If a sponsor fails to do this, compliance action can be taken. To be eligible to apply for a Sponsor Licence, you must be able to demonstrate that your company is registered and currently trading in the UK, your company will comply with the duties and responsibilities required by a sponsor and the role that you are seeking to fill with an employee is genuinely required and meets the appropriate level and salary as required by UKVI.

The Application Process:

An application is submitted with a fee online after which UKVI will make a final decision within 6 to 8 weeks (this can be longer). To support your application, documentary evidence must be sent within five working days of submitting the online application to demonstrate how your organisation meets the requirements. If for any reason, you are unable to provide the supporting documents within the imposed deadline, your application could be deemed invalid or could be refused. This may then impact negatively on any future applications. It is therefore important to do everything correctly the first time.


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